In 1959, at the age canada goose outlet sale of 22, she made

Who Was The First Woman To Go Into Space

When it comes to the Race of the 1960’s, several names come to mind. Names like Chuck Yeager, Yuri Gagarin, Alan Shepard, and Neil Armstrong, but to canada goose outlet 2015 name a few. These men were all pioneers, braving incredible odds and hazards canada goose outlet store montreal in order to put a man into orbit, on the Moon, and bring humanity into the Space Age. But about the first women in space?

canada goose clearance Were the challenges they faced any less real? canada goose outlet online Or were they even more difficult considering the fact that space travel, like many professions at the time, were still thought to be a “man’s game”? Well, the first woman to break this glass ceiling was Valentina Tereshkova, a Soviet Cosmonaut who has the distinction of canada goose parka outlet being the first woman ever to go into space as part of the Vostok 6 mission. canada goose clearance

Tereshkova was born in the village of Maslennikovo in central Russia (about 280 km north east of Moscow) after her parents migrated from Belarus. Her father was a tractor driver and her mother worked in a textile plant. Her father became a tank canada goose stockists uk officer and died during the Winter War (1939 1940) when the Soviet Union invaded Finland over a territorial dispute.

Canada Goose online Russian BT 5 tank destroyed during the Winter War (1939 1940). Credit: Wikipedia Commons/SA kuva/Finnish Army Pictures Canada Goose online

Canada Goose Outlet Between 1945 to 1953, Tereshkova went to school, but dropped out canada goose outlet houston when she was sixteen, and completed her education through correspondence. Following in her mother footsteps, canada goose uk she began working at a textile factory, where she remained until becoming part of the Soviet cosmonaut program. Canada Goose Outlet

She became interested in parachuting from a young age and trained in skydiving at the local canada goose factory outlet vancouver Aeroclub. In 1959, at the age canada goose outlet sale of 22, she made her first jump. It was her expertise in skydiving that led to her being selected as a cosmonaut candidate a few years later. After the historic flight of Gagarin in 1961, Sergey Korolyov the chief Soviet rocket engineer proposed sending a female cosmonaut into space as official canada goose outlet well. Though this policy did not specifically discriminate on the basis gender, the lack of women combat and test pilots effectively excluded them from participating.

buy canada goose outlet michigan canada goose jacket Valentina Tereshkova, pilot cosmonaut, first female cosmonaut, Hero of the USSR. Pictured as a Major of the Soviet Air Forces. Credit: RIA Novosti/Alexander Mokletsov buy canada goose jacket

In April 1962, five women were chosen for the program out of hundreds of potential candidates. These included canada goose outlet in toronto Tatyana Kuznetsova, Irina Solovyova, Zhanna Yorkina, Valentina Ponomaryova, and Valentina Tereshkova. In order to qualify, the women needed to be parachutists under 30 years of age, under 170cm (5 in height, and under 70kg (154lbs.) in weight.

buy canada goose jacket cheap Along with four colleagues, Tereshkova spent several months in training. This included weightless flights, isolation tests, centrifuge tests, rocket theory, spacecraft engineering, parachute jumps and pilot training in jet aircraft. Their examinations concluded in November 1962, after which Tereshkova and Ponomaryova were considered the leading candidates. buy canada goose jacket cheap

canada goose store canada goose outlet A joint mission profile was developed that would see two women launched into space on separate Vostok missions in March or April of 1963. Tereshkova, then 25, was chosen to be the first woman to go into space, for multiple reasons. First, there was the fact that she conformed to the height and weight specifications to fit inside the relatively cramped Vostok module. canada goose store

canada goose clearance sale Second, she was a qualified parachutist, which given the nature of the Vostok space craft (the re entry craft was incapable of landing) was absolutely essential. The third, and perhaps most important reason, was her strong and patriotic background, which was evident from her family work and the death of her father (Vladimir Tereshkova) during the Second World War. canada goose clearance sale

The Vostok 6 capsule at the Science Museum, London. Credit: Wikipedia Commons/Andrew Grey

canada goose deals Originally, the plan was for Tereshkova to launch first in the Vostok 5 canada goose outlet washington dc ship while Ponomaryova would follow her into orbit in Vostok 6. However, this flight plan was altered in March 1963, with a male cosmonaut flying Vostok 5 while Tershkova would fly aboard Vostok 6 in June 1963. After performing communications and life support checks, she was sealed inside the capsule and the mission two hour countdown began. The launch took place at 09:29:52UTC with the rocket lifting off faultlessly from the Baikonur launchpad. canada goose deals

During the flight which lasted for two days and 22 hours Tereshkova orbited the Earth forty eight times. Her flight took place only two days after Vostok 5 was launched, piloted by Valery Bykovsky, and orbited the Earth simultaneously with his craft. In the course of her flight, ground crews collected data on her canada goose outlet store near me body reaction to spaceflight.

canada goose black friday sale Aside from canada goose outlet uk sale some nausea (which she later claimed was due to poor food!) she maintained herself for the full three days. Like other cosmonauts on Vostok missions, she kept a flight log and took photographs of the horizon which were later used to identify aerosol layers within the atmosphere and manually oriented the spacecraft. canada goose black friday sale

canada goose First woman in space Soviet cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova is seen during a training session aboard a Vostok spacecraft simulator on January 17, 1964. Credit: AFP Photo / RIA Novosti canada goose

canadian goose jacket On the first day of her mission, she reported an error in the control program, which made the spaceship ascend from orbit instead of descending. The team canada goose outlet store calgary on Earth provided Tereshkova with new data to enter into the descent program which corrected the problem. After completing 48 orbits, her craft began descending towards Earth. canadian goose jacket

Canada Goose Jackets Once the craft re entered the atmosphere, Tereshkova ejected from the capsule and parachuted back to earth. She landed hard after a high wind blew her off course, which was fortunate since she was descending towards a lake at the time. However, the landing caused her to seriously bruise her face, and heavy makeup was needed for the public appearances that followed. Canada Goose Jackets

cheap Canada Goose Vostok 6 would be the last of the Vostok misions, despite their being plans for further flights involving women cosmonauts. canada goose outlet uk fake None of the other four in Tereshkova early group got a chance to fly, and, in October of 1969, the pioneering female cosmonaut group was dissolved. It would be 19 years before another woman would fly as part of the Soviet space program Svetlana Savitskaya, who flew as part of the Soyuz T 7 mission. cheap Canada Goose

Canada Goose Parka After Vostok 6: Canada Goose Parka

canada goose canada goose outlet toronto coats After returning home, certain elements within the Soviet Air Force attempted to discredit Tereshkova. There were those who said that she was drunk when she reported to the launch pad and was insubordinate while in orbit. These charges appeared to be related to his sickness she experienced while in space, and the fact that she issued corrections to the ground control team which was apparently seen as a slight. canada goose coats

Canada Goose sale Nikita Khrushchev, Valentina Tereshkova, Pavel Popovich and Yury Gagarin at Lenin Mausoleum on June canada goose outlet germany 22nd, 1963. Credit: Wikipedia Commons/RIA Novosti Archive Canada Goose sale

canada goose coats on sale She was also accused of drunken and disorderly conduct when confronting a militia Captain in Gorkiy. However, General Nikolai Kamanin canada goose factory outlet the head of cosmonaut training in the Soviet space program at the time defended Tereshkova character and canada goose outlet authentic dismissed her detractors instead. Tereshkova reputation remained unblemished and she went on to become a cosmonaut engineer and spent the rest of her life in key political positions canada goose coats on sale.

By admin , July 3, 2014


Copyright 2018 | All Rights Reserved.