The Real Loss cheap canada goose jacket to India
‘The greatest loss from replacing the 126 Rafale proposal with the canada goose outlet black friday sale 2016 contract for 36 Rafales might not be the extra money paid, but the opportunity that India’s aerospace industry lost of obtaining access to critical aviation technologies and manufacturing skills,’ Ajai Shukla points out in the second of a three part series.
PART canada goose outlet online 1: From 155 million to 217 million, Rafale cost went up by 40%
In buying 36 Rafale fighters from the French vendor Dassault in September 2016, senior defence ministry sources indicate the Indian government is paying canada goose outlet store uk 40 per cent higher than the price quoted in 2012 for 126 Rafales. That deal was eventually aborted.
Canada Goose Jackets Dassault had quoted billion for 126 Rafale fighters, averaging million per aircraft. Canada Goose Jackets
canada goose clearance Before that deal could be finalised, the National Democratic Alliance government purchased 36 Rafale fighters for billion in September 2016. In other words, million per aircraft 40 per cent higher than the earlier quote. canada goose clearance
Defending the 2016 contract against charges of overpaying, the government argued the new price included over the basic aircraft cost of billion four additional elements not included in the Medium Multi Role Combat Aircraft tender.
Canada Goose Coats On Sale These are ‘India specific enhancements’ to the Rafale avionics to boost its combat capability ( billion), a weapons package ( million), additional spares ( billion) and logistical guarantees ( million). Canada Goose Coats On Sale
Contrary to the government’s argument, a detailed review of the request for proposal (RFP) for the MMRCA, issued on August 28, 2007, shows that the 211 page document stipulates the supply of weapons, along with the first 18 canada goose outlet shop aircraft.
‘It is essential that the direct flyaway aircraft be delivered with a full complement of weapons and the weapons package should be integral to the flyaway aircraft,’ says the RFP.
Canada Goose sale Part 1 of the RFP specifies the missiles and bombs to be supplied, such as 336 Active Beyond Visual Range (BVR) missiles, 168 All Aspect Missiles, etc. A separate section (Annexure IV to Appendix A) specifies the capabilities that the weapons must have. Canada Goose sale
The BVR missiles are required to have a range ‘greater than 60 km against targets flying at high altitude’. This range would point to a lesser missile than the 100 canada goose outlet kokemuksia km plus range Meteor that MBDA is supplying with the 36 Rafales.
Canada Goose Parka In the air to ground weapons category, the 2007 RFP specifies a ‘combination of stand off weapons with ranges of 100 200 km [and] a war canada goose outlet online uk head of more than 250 kg’. This may or may not cover the SCALP (Syst de Croisi Autonome Longue Port missile that is being supplied with the Rafale. Canada Goose Parka
While the 2016 contract may have incorporated a superior BVR missile like the Meteor, the 2007 RFP also clearly had a weapons component, which was factored into the billion price.
The government has argued that India specific enhancements have raised the Rafale’s price, including helmet mounted sights, radar warning receiver, radio altimeter, Doppler radar and cold start.
canada goose uk black friday The 2007 RFP contains all of these elements. canada goose uk black friday
Annexures II and III to Appendix A specify a high end avionics suite, including AESA (active electronically scanned array) radar, helmet mounted display sights, radar warning receiver, missile approach warning receiver and an airborne self protection jammer.
Indian Air Force sources explain there were Indian specific enhancements in both the canada goose outlet store toronto Rafale configurations. The 2016 avionics might have had marginally improved capabilities, but with no significant effect on price.
Spares and maintenance were an integral part of the 2007 RFP and were included in the billion tag.
Appendix D to the RFP stipulates detailed requirements for spare parts and maintenance facilities needed to support 126 Rafales, operating from three bases.
‘The IAF would like to avoid dependence on the manufacturer in terms of factory repair. Thus all repairs are to be carried out by this [Depot Level Maintenance Facility set up in India},’ says the RFP.
canada goose uk outlet The RFP specifies a detailed ‘Manufacturer’s Recommended List of Spares’ (MRLS) needed to keep the 126 Rafales flying. canada goose https://www.buy-canadagoose.net uk outlet
‘MRLS to sustain the equipment for a period of five years will need to be provided.’
This maintenance back up is priced into Dassault’s quote, in the same manner as in the 36 Rafale contract.
canada goose store The 2007 RFP also requires vendors to ensure a 75 per cent aircraft readiness across canada goose outlet eu the fleet a requirement that the government claims to have paid an extra million in the 2016 contract canada goose outlet in new york for 36 Rafales. canada goose store
canada goose The greatest loss from replacing the 126 Rafale proposal with the 2016 contract for 36 Rafales might not be the extra money paid, but the opportunity that India’s aerospace industry lost of obtaining access to critical aviation technologies and manufacturing skills. canada goose
The Request for Proposals (RFP, or tender) that the IAF floated in 2007 for 126 MMRCA, had detailed conditions that bound all competing vendors to transfer key aerospace technologies that would have proven invaluable to Indian scientists and technologies working on two futuristic fighter aircraft the Advanced Medium Combat Aircraft (AMCA) and the Tejas Mark II.
However, the billion purchase of 36 Rafales that Prime Minister Narendra Damodardas Modi unexpectedly announced on April 10, 2015 in Paris made no provision for any design or manufacturing technology transfer.